วันพฤหัสบดีที่ 17 กันยายน พ.ศ. 2558

Freedom Under Thai Military Rule _ Pravit Rojanaphruk - เสรีภาพภายใต้กฎของทหารไทย _ ประวิตรโรจนพฤกษ์

Freedom Under Thai Military Rule _ Pravit Rojanaphruk - เสรีภาพภายใต้กฎของทหารไทย _ ประวิตรโรจนพฤกษ์
นักข่าวไทย ประวิทย์โรจนพฤกษ์ อธิบายการต่อสู้เพื่อประชาธิปไตยในประเทศของเขาต่อไปนี้

พฤษภาคม 2014 ทหารทำรัฐประหาร พูดคุยเกี่ยวกับการจับกุมของเขาเอง โรจนพฤกษ์ประณามข้อ จำกัด เพื่อสิทธิในการชุมนุมการแสดงออกและการเคลื่อนไหวในประเทศไทยเช่นเดียวกับความพยายามของรัฐบาลที่จะสร้างภาพลวงตาของประเทศไทยที่มีความสุข โรจนพฤกษ์สรุปการนำเสนอของเขาด้วยการเตือนเราว่าความอดทนและการเจรจามีความจำเป็นถ้าประเทศไทยจะกลายเป็นประชาธิปไตยอีกครั้ง


Google Translate

http://goo.gl/5TBf3a
Freedom, Thai Military, Rule, Pravit Rojanaphruk, เสรีภาพ, ภายใต้กฎ, ทหารไทย, ประวิตร โรจนพฤกษ์

Freedom Under Thai Military RulePravit Rojanaphruk




Pravit Rojanaphruk - "Freedom" Under Thai Military Rule

2015 Oslo Freedom Forum
May 26, 2015

Thai journalist Pravit Rojanaphruk describes his fight for democracy in his home country following the May 2014 military coup. Talking about his own arrest, Rojanaphruk denounces the limitations to the right to assembly, expression and movement in Thailand, as well as the regime’s efforts to build the illusion of a happy Thailand. Rojanaphruk concludes his presentation by reminding us that tolerance and dialogue are essential if Thailand is to become a democracy again.
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2015 ออสโลเสรีภาพฟอรั่ม
วันที่ 26 พฤษภาคม 2015
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นักข่าวไทยประวิทย์โรจนพฤกษ์อธิบายการต่อสู้เพื่อประชาธิปไตยในประเทศของเขาต่อไปนี้พฤษภาคม 2014 ทหารทำรัฐประหาร พูดคุยเกี่ยวกับการจับกุมของเขาเองโรจนพฤกษ์ประณามข้อ จำกัด เพื่อสิทธิในการชุมนุมการแสดงออกและการเคลื่อนไหวในประเทศไทยเช่นเดียวกับความพยายามของรัฐบาลที่จะสร้างภาพลวงตาของประเทศไทยที่มีความสุข โรจนพฤกษ์สรุปการนำเสนอของเขาด้วยการเตือนเราว่าความอดทนและการเจรจามีความจำเป็นถ้าประเทศไทยจะกลายเป็นประชาธิปไตยอีกครั้ง

Google Translate

Pravit Rojanaphruk _ ประวิตรโรจนพฤกษ์

Pravit Rojanaphruk


Pravit Rojanaphruk is a Thai journalist who writes a regular column for The Nation, one of the largest English-language dailies in Thailand. Rojanaphruk is well known for his pro-democracy and pro-free expression views. In 2012, he was investigated seven times by the Thai authorities on suspicion of violating the country’s draconian lese majesty law. He was later arrested following the May 2014 military coup and detained for “disturbing the public order and undermining peace.” He was released on the condition that he not participate in any protests or take part in political meetings.

ประวิตรโรจนพฤกษ์

ประวิตรโรจนพฤกษ์เป็นนักข่าวไทยที่เขียนคอลัมน์ประจำประเทศชาติใหญ่ที่สุดแห่งหนึ่งหนังสือพิมพ์รายวันภาษาอังกฤษในประเทศไทย โรจนพฤกษ์เป็นที่รู้จักกันดีสำหรับประชาธิปไตยและโปรฟรีมุมมองการแสดงออกของเขา ในปี 2012 เขาได้รับการตรวจสอบเจ็ดครั้งโดยเจ้าหน้าที่ไทยในข้อหาละเมิดของประเทศเข้มงวดกฎหมายหมิ่นพระบรมเดชานุภาพ เขาถูกจับกุมในภายหลังต่อไปนี้พฤษภาคม 2014 ทหารทำรัฐประหารและถูกกักตัวไว้สำหรับ "รบกวนความสงบเรียบร้อยของประชาชนและทำลายความสงบสุข." เขาได้รับการปล่อยตัวในเงื่อนไขที่ว่าเขาได้มีส่วนร่วมในการประท้วงใด ๆ หรือมีส่วนร่วมในการประชุมทางการเมือง

Google Translate



การถอดเสียง





ไม่สามารถโหลดการถอดเสียงเชิงโต้ตอบ


0:18
Since absolute monarchy was abolished in Thailand in 1932
0:24
a dozen of successful military coups have taken place.
0:29
For eight decades, military rules have defined Thai political history.
0:35
I am a journalist and on May 23rd of 2014
0:40
the day after the coup, I was busy being interviewed about the coup
0:46
on international news networks like the BBC, Al Jazeera, the Australian broadcasting corporation and more.
0:56
I reminded the international audience that before the coup, General Prayut
1:06
the coup leader, who was then the army chief
1:09
had repeatedly told the public that there would be no military takeover.
1:15
Then, there was a coup.
1:17
Thus, he either lied or changed his heart.
1:21
Either way, not very trustworthy.
1:26
The next day, the newly installed junta issue its order number 6
1:31
which was broadcasted on all televisions and radio stations at around a quarter past 9PM.
1:38
The order which mentioned my name alone, was to have me report to the military
1:44
the National Council for Peace and Order, the name of current military junta
1:51
at 10 AM on the following day.
1:55
I was subsequently detained without charges for seven days at a military camp
2:00
just outside Bangkok as part of the junta’s attitude adjustment programs.
2:06
But not before I taped my mouth.
2:11
And it was raining on that day.
2:13
A bad hair day.
2:15
I taped my mouth and shut my ears as a gesture against the violations of my rights in front of other journalists
2:24
including the BBC correspondent.
2:27
I had to sign an agreement under duress
2:30
before being released that included a promise that I would not assist, participate or lead
2:38
an anti-coup movement
2:40
otherwise I would have my bank account frozen and be prosecuted.
2:45
What’s more?
2:47
I had to also “agree” to seek their permission if ever I wished to travel abroad as long as they are still in power
2:58
which included seeking their kind permission in order to be here in Oslo today.
3:10
Maintaining the right to decide whether to allow you to travel abroad is one way the junta exerts its control
3:17
over the rights to your mobility.
3:21
At the departure immigration checkpoint
3:25
the police would ask me if I have any written proof of the permission.
3:31
and I always have to say "No," as they only tell you by phone.
3:37
They force you to trust them
3:39
And feel a measure of gratitude for their permission
3:44
despite the fact that it was them who restricted your right in the first place.
3:51
The day after I was released, an army colonel called me and asked me if I could stop tweeting.
3:59
Knowing that this is one of the mediums I use to engage with the public
4:04
and that I gained six thousand new followers on Twitter by not tweeting while I was incarcerated.
4:12
I politely refused and said “I will try to tweet less frequently and less ferociously.”
4:21
And then we struck a compromise.
4:25
I believe the Thai junta has tried to maintain its dictatorial rule by exercising both hard and soft powers.
4:34
The hard part must be familiar to many living in authoritarian societies.
4:40
For example, in Thailand, political gatherings of five or more people are banned.
4:46
Freedom of expression and press freedoms are restricted.
4:50
Article 44 of the junta’s provisional charter gives their leader, Prayut
4:56
power over the legislative, executive and judicial branches.
5:03
There is a catch though.
5:04
If more than five people assemble to express their support to Prayut
5:08
it’s not regarded as a political gathering.
5:17
Exercising his power under Article 44 of the Junta’s sponsored provisional constitution
5:24
means Prayut can order just about anyone in Thailand to be executed
5:28
without having to go through the court of Justice.
5:32
He himself has become the law. Prayut also appointed Orwellian sounding officers
5:41
called Law and Order Maintaining Officers
5:45
to ensure that his rule is unchallenged.
5:48
On the other hand, the Junta tries to maximize soft power to win the hearts and minds of the public
5:55
or at least to create an illusion of a happy Thailand.
6:00
Extra public holidays are added every now and then.
6:05
So the people could enjoy longer holidays on top of occasional free open air concerts.
6:13
This reminded me of how the first public park was created in France
6:17
in order to distract the public from the matter of politics.
6:25
Paris, not Oslo.
6:27
These practices are in line with one of the key programs under the military rule.
6:31
The promise to return happiness to the Thai people.
6:36
If this happiness notion isn’t weak enough, there is at least a song supposedly written by Prayut himself
6:45
Reminding the Thai public that he staged a coup to stop infighting and to return happiness to the Thai people.
7:12
These practices are in line, as I said, with the song.
7:17
The song is played on most radio and television stations
7:22
everyday, several times a day for the past 12 months.
7:31
Then, if you are not tired of him, there is Prayut’s Friday evening monologue
7:37
appearing on all television stations.
7:40
He would talk for an hour or longer.
7:43
And more recently, if you still have the appetite, a tabloid was published by the regime
7:49
featuring Prayut again.
7:54
The military government even held a 6 month progress report mimicking elective administrations
8:01
as if they will actually seek a future mandate from the public in the next election.
8:09
They also promised to make Thailand more democratic.
8:13
Never mind the irony of making such promise.
8:18
Those defying and resisting the military regime have by now given up upon the idea
8:25
that there could ever be a popular revolt to oust Prayut and the junta any time soon if ever.
8:34
It takes courage and sacrifice to resist military rule. Because the price to be paid
8:43
includes detention
8:45
facing military court as civilians
8:48
having your bank account frozen
8:51
or having to flee into exile as some have done and have come to Europe.
8:57
Make no mistake.
9:00
I have no personal hatred towards Prayut or his men. They are human.
9:07
And when I was detained, I told the officer that I do not hold any personal grudges against them.
9:15
But it’s just that I love freedom and democracy as a matter of principle.
9:25
The presence of the military rule in Thailand is just the tip of the iceberg.
9:33
Beneath this tip are million of Thais who support military rule.
9:39
Who beg or even demanded a military takeover and who now want the junta
9:46
to stay longer than their promise roadmap to return power to the people by next year.
9:52
Thus our struggle is not just to overcome military dictatorship
9:57
but to win back the hearts and the minds of the millions
10:00
who repeatedly support authoritarianism over democracy.
10:05
The millions of these authoritarian minded citizens, the junta supporters
10:11
who want to be ruled in a climate of ersatz peace.
10:15
Who have mistaken the rule by law for the rule of law.
10:21
They in effect, forfeit their citizenships to be subject of the military ruler.
10:28
And this is not the first, second, third, or even fourth time in history
10:35
in Thailand that they have done so.
10:39
Last Friday, on the first “anniversary of the coup,” 48 protestors were arrested.
10:48
Mostly university students.
10:50
One university student who was arrested subsequently wrote an account
10:55
telling how the pro-coup supporter crowd was telling the police who were dragging the students away
11:02
to use the gun.
11:04
And I quote “Officers you have guns, why don’t you guys use it to shoot them.”
11:16
Long after Prayut is gone
11:18
these Thai people will continue to demand dictatorship over democratic governance
11:27
because they have little tolerance, perseverance and have lost faith in democratic process
11:35
and hold little regard for the majority of the people
11:40
whom they regarded as less educated, less moral than they are.
11:46
The path to true democracy in Thailand does not lie in trying to eradicate authoritarian minded people
11:55
but in engaging them in debate
11:59
deliberation and dialogue in hopes that they become more open minded and democratic as a result.
12:08
Meanwhile, for those who support democracy
12:11
they must not be arrogant
12:13
or adhere to the narrow belief that the majority could just do whatever it likes
12:19
without listening to the voices of the minority.
12:23
With such a predicament
12:26
it is clear
12:30
that we must not have a sprint to oust military dictator
12:35
but our long term struggles to convert millions from being further, for future military intervention
12:42
as well as those who subscribe to a very narrow interpretation of what constitutes democracy.
12:51
This requires perseverance, tolerance, and deep well optimism that people will be able to recognize
12:58
that supporting authoritarianism, no matter how well intended, is not in the best term interest of society.
13:06
I hope that these Thais can eventually become masters of their own destinies.
13:12
Freed from the bondage they choose to impose on themselves and others.
13:17
There is a limit to what heroic acts can do.
13:22
Democracy cannot be sustained by a few brave individuals
13:28
while the majority of the people chose to demote themselves
13:32
to become near political spectators or cannon fodder for military rule.
13:38
There is a time and place for heroic acts of defiance.
13:44
But Thai society itself cannot keep democracy afford
13:50
without the true participation, tolerance and contribution from the majority of its people.
13:58
And this is what we must strive toward.
14:02
Thank you.





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1 ความคิดเห็น :

  1. .
    Freedom Under Thai Military Rule _ Pravit Rojanaphruk - เสรีภาพภายใต้กฎของทหารไทย _ ประวิตรโรจนพฤกษ์
    นักข่าวไทย ประวิทย์โรจนพฤกษ์ อธิบายการต่อสู้เพื่อประชาธิปไตยในประเทศของเขาต่อไปนี้
    .
    พฤษภาคม 2014 ทหารทำรัฐประหาร พูดคุยเกี่ยวกับการจับกุมของเขาเอง โรจนพฤกษ์ประณามข้อ จำกัด เพื่อสิทธิในการชุมนุมการแสดงออกและการเคลื่อนไหวในประเทศไทยเช่นเดียวกับความพยายามของรัฐบาลที่จะสร้างภาพลวงตาของประเทศไทยที่มีความสุข โรจนพฤกษ์สรุปการนำเสนอของเขาด้วยการเตือนเราว่าความอดทนและการเจรจามีความจำเป็นถ้าประเทศไทยจะกลายเป็นประชาธิปไตยอีกครั้ง
    .
    Google Translate
    .
    http://goo.gl/5TBf3a
    Freedom, Thai Military, Rule, Pravit Rojanaphruk, เสรีภาพ, ภายใต้กฎ, ทหารไทย, ประวิตร โรจนพฤกษ์
    .

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